Geography and Climate of Baguio City

The Geography Of Baguio

Baguio City, the only city in the Province of Benguet, is 250 kilometers north of Metro Manila. It is located in the south central part of Benguet and nestled on a 1,500-meter high plateau in the Cordillera mountain range of northern Luzon. The city, which has an area of 49 square kilometers of prime property, is highly urbanized. It has a rugged and sloping terrain dotted with pine trees.

Baguio's Cool Climate

The climate of Baguio City is cool and crisp and offers a fine respite from the dust, heat and bustle of the nearby lowland areas. It has only two seasons of about equal duration throughout the year - the wet and dry seasons. The dry season begins in November and ends in April and the wet season extends from May to October.

The coldest months are felt by its residents from November up to February and during the wet season the rainfall is extra heavy. This varying climatic condition is attributed to its high elevation above sea level. It is in July and August when it gets to be very wet in Baguio. Records show that its rainfall is about twice as much as that ocurring in Metro Manila. In July, 1992 the rainfall in the city measured 772.4 millimeters and this is one of the heaviest on record in the Philippines.

Baguio is about 10 degress cooler on the average on any month than any place in the lowlands. The average temperature is around 20 degrees Celsius. It seldom exceeds 26 degrees Celcius at its warmest, and drops to as low as 15 degees Celsius in the colder months. Lately, however, with recent residential, commercial and industrial developments, many pine trees have been cut down that the City of Baguio is no longer as cool as it used to be.

A warm sweater is necessary during the cold months. During summer, light casual clothing is recommended, with a jacket or sweater for late afternoons and evenings when the air gets a little nippy. To keep cozy in the colder months light woolen or warm clothing should be worn. During the rainy season, raincoats, rubber boots, and sturdy umbrellas are important and necessary items.

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